Stored Program Organisation And Computer Registers Presentation
|Introduction to Stored Program Organisation and Computer Registers|
|Stored program organisation is a computer architecture concept that allows instructions and data to be stored in memory.|
It is based on the idea that a computer can be programmed to perform different tasks by simply changing the instructions in memory.
Computer registers are small, high-speed storage locations within the CPU that hold data and instructions during processing.
|Types of Registers|
|Accumulator registers are used to hold intermediate results during arithmetic and logical operations.|
Data registers are used to store data that is being processed by the CPU.
Instruction registers hold the current instruction being executed by the CPU.
|Functionality of Registers|
|Registers provide a faster access to data and instructions compared to main memory, which improves the overall performance of the computer.|
They reduce the need for repetitive memory access, as data can be temporarily stored in registers for immediate processing.
Registers facilitate the execution of instructions by providing a storage location for operands and results.
|Key Characteristics of Registers|
|Registers are typically built using flip-flops, which are electronic circuits that can store a single bit of information.|
They have limited capacity compared to main memory and are organized into different types based on their functionality.
Register size is an important factor affecting the performance and capabilities of a computer system.
|Load (LDR) instructions transfer data from memory to a register.|
Store (STR) instructions transfer data from a register to memory.
Register-transfer operations (e.g., add, subtract, shift) perform computations using data stored in registers.
|Advantages of Stored Program Organisation and Registers|
|Flexibility: Allows for the execution of different programs without the need for hardware modifications.|
Efficiency: Registers enable faster data access and processing, improving the overall performance of the computer system.
Modularity: The separation of instructions and data in memory allows for easier program development and maintenance. Note: This is a basic outline for a slide presentation. Additional content, visuals, and transitions can be added to enhance the presentation.